Tag: Clinical Laboratory

Skip to articles

A clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on clinical specimens in order to get information about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

Laboratory medicine is generally divided into two sections, each of which being subdivided into multiple units. These two sections are:

  • Anatomic pathology: Units included here are histopathology, cytopathology, and electron microscopy. Other disciplines pertaining to this section include anatomy, physiology, histology, pathology, and pathophysiology.
  • Clinical pathology, which includes:
    • Clinical Microbiology: This encompasses five different sciences. These include bacteriology, virology, parasitology, immunology, and mycology.
    • Clinical Chemistry: Units under this section include instrumental analysis of blood components, enzymology, toxicology and endocrinology.
    • Hematology: This section consists of automated and manual analysis of blood cells.
    • Genetics is also studied along with a subspecialty known as cytogenetics.
    • Reproductive biology: Semen analysis, Sperm bank and assisted reproductive technology.

Credibility of medical laboratories is paramount to the health and safety of the patients relying on the testing services provided by these labs. The international standard in use today for the accreditation of medical laboratories is ISO 15189.

Accreditation is done by the Joint Commission, College of American Pathologists, AAB (American Association of Bioanalysts), and other state and federal agencies. CLIA 88, the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments, also dictate testing and personnel.

In addition, many clinical laboratories have adopted quality management programs such as Six Sigma and Lean quality to improve clinical quality, reduce turnaround time, cut costs, and boost productivity. Lean and Six Sigma are both process improvement methodologies. At a very basic level, Lean is about speed and efficiency, while Six Sigma is about precision and accuracy, leading to data-driven decisions. Lean and Six Sigma methods are finding numerous applications in anatomic pathology laboratories and pathology group practices.

Monitoring Patients on Opioids Is Opportunity for Clinical Labs

CEO SUMMARY: When developing a program to identify and treat patients who misused opioids or needed chronic opioid therapy, Community Health Network (CHN) of Indianapolis recognized that clinical lab toxicology tests were one of the few sources of objective data about patient compliance. When CHN developed its Chronic Opioid Therapy (COT) program, protocols were included that

View Article

Monitoring Patients on Opioids with Toxicology Screens Is Opportunity for Clinical Labs

This is an excerpt of a 2,883-word article in the Sept. 23, 2019 issue of THE DARK REPORT (TDR). The full article is available to members of The Dark Intelligence Group.
CEO SUMMARY: In this first industry briefing on such a program, THE DARK REPORT explains that Community Health Network (CHN) of Indianapolis recognized that clinical

View Article

September 3, 2019 Intelligence: Late Breaking Lab News

Intelligence Late & Latent News

Two more clinical laboratory organizations that used American Medical Collection Agency (AMCA) to handle their lab test claims announced in July that their patients’ data was breached. Inform Diagnostics of Irving, Texas, disclosed that the data of 173,716 patients was compromised. Within days of that announcement, CompuNet Clinical Laboratories of Moraine, Ohio, stated that about 110,000

View Article

Arkansas Pathologist Faces 3 Manslaughter Charges

CEO SUMMARY: Federal prosecutors in Arkansas charged a former Veterans Administration pathologist with three counts of involuntary manslaughter and 28 other criminal counts related to his work at the Veterans Health Care System of the Ozarks. In the indictment, officials charged that the pathologist’s misdiagnoses contributed to the deaths of 15 patients. The pathologist had

View Article

Few Options for Pathology Groups Facing Anthem’s Payment Cuts

FACED WITH DEEP CUTS in payment for anatomic pathology professional component services from Anthem Inc., pathologist have only a few options in how they can respond, according to consultants who work with AP groups.

“These are dire cuts to anatomic pathology reimbursement,” said one consultant who asked not to be named. He suggested that small regional

View Article